This series was created to disseminate core documents on Canadian Arctic sovereignty and security for use by the academic community, students, and policy makers. These e-books are edited summaries and document compendiums, compiled as research tools to serve as a basis for in-depth research. The volumes contain summaries or transcriptions of key primary source material – from policy statements and pronouncements to internal memoranda and declassified assessments.
Material in these volumes is in the public domain and can be used and cited freely, though the volume from which they are retrieved should be appropriately acknowledged. Citation information can be found on the inside cover of each volume. This series is made possible through support from the Centre for Military, Security and Strategic Studies (CMSS), the Centre on Foreign Policy and Federalism (CFPF), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Insight Grant program.
Volume 5 (2015)
Ice islands are large rafts of multi-year ice that are carried by currents around the Arctic Ocean. They became politically significant in the early 1950s when American and Soviet research parties began occupying them. This activity called into question their legal status and highlighted the uncertain nature of polar maritime jurisdiction. This volume tracks the evolution of Canadian policy vis-à-vis ice islands and examines how the politics surrounding these bodies influenced the country’s broader position on Arctic maritime sovereignty.
Volume 4 (2015)
P. Whitney Lackenbauer and Daniel Heidt
The Advisory Committee on Northern Development (ACND), a high-level interdepartmental committee, was responsible for coordinating federal Arctic policies and programs from 1948-1971. The minutes of its main meetings provide unparalleled insight into how high-ranking civil servants in Ottawa grappled with what they perceived to be the most pressing issues of the era, including Canadian-American relations, sovereignty, security, Aboriginal affairs, socio-economic development, scientific research, and governance. As this volume reveals, the ACND represented an early example of the “Whole of Government” approach to policy deliberations, revealing the myriad activities that constituted the “Arctic revolution” during this pivotal quarter-century.
Volume 3 (2015)
P. Whitney Lackenbauer and K.C. Eyre
This collection documents the role of Canadian Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force in the opening of the Arctic during the interwar period, reproducing the landmark reports by Major Robert A. Logan (1922) and Flight Lieutenant Thomas A. Lawrence (1928).
Volume 2 (2014)
Peter Kikkert and P. Whitney Lackenbauer
This collection documents how Canadian, American and British legal experts attempted to untangle the complex sovereignty knot in the Arctic Archipelago from 1905-56. While Canadian legal appraisals form the foundation of this collection, British and American documents offer important insight into Canada’s legal title and its general approach towards Arctic sovereignty.
Volume 1 (2014)
Ryan Dean, P. Whitney Lackenbauer, and Adam Lajeunesse
This volume is a synthesis and analysis of Canadian government documents on the subject of Arctic defence from 1970 to 2013. It focuses on policy papers, committee reports, public addresses, and other publicly available material. It is designed for researchers focusing on the evolution of Canadian defence policy and priorities in the Arctic.
Future Volumes (Fall 2016 - Winter 2017)
Legal Assessments of Canada’s Sovereignty: Maritime Issues, 1954-1985 – Lajeunesse
Arctic Show Trial? The Trial of Alikomiak and Tatamigana, 1923 – Coates/Morrison
The Canadian Army and the Arctic: After Action Reports from Northern Exercises, 1945-2014 – Lackenbauer
Conservative Arctic Policy under Stephen Harper – Dean/ Lackenbauer
High Arctic Inuit Relocations – Grant
NWT Radio System - Lackenbauer
Adam Lajeunesse, Ph.D., holds a postdoctoral fellowship with the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. He is currently a research fellow with the Centre on Foreign Policy and Federalism and the author of books on Arctic sovereignty, economic development, and security.
P. Whitney Lackenbauer, Ph.D., professor and chair of the department of history at St. Jerome’s University (University of Waterloo), fellow with the Centre for Military, Security and Strategic Studies, and co-lead for the ArcticNet project on The Emerging Arctic Security Environment .
Ryan Dean, M.A., is a PhD candidate in the department of political science at the University of Calgary and a research associate with the ArcticNet project on The Emerging Arctic Security Environment .
Note to Readers
While these volumes are designed to be as comprehensive as possible, they should not be taken as complete records. There is an immense volume of documentation on the subject of Arctic sovereignty and security and the editors of each volume include only what they consider to be the most relevant items. Each volume is subject to revision, and new material will be added to keep the series as comprehensive as possible through subsequent editions.